Laparoscopic splenectomy in childhood hematologic disorders
Journal of Laparoendoscopic Surgery
Laparoscopic splenectomy is a new technique that is being utilized in patients with a variety of mostly hematologic disorders. Its application in children has not been extensively documented. Between January 1994 and February 1995, 11 children less than 15 years of age underwent elective laparoscopic splenectomy. Data collected from this treatment group were compared to that from the ten most recent open splenectomy patients with comparable hematologic disorders. All procedures in both groups were successful in relief of symptoms, increase in platelet count, and/or increase in hematocrit. Operative times averaged 147 min in the laparoscopic group, compared to 112 min in the open group. Estimated blood loss was 32 ml in the laparoscopic group and 86 ml in the open group. Days to laparoscopic patient discharge were 3.6, compared to 5.3 days in the open group. There were no wound complications or need for perioperative platelet transfusions in the laparoscopic patients. Patient response has been uniformly positive in the laparoscopic group. Reusable access trocars are utilized for two of the four working ports. Stapling devices and special tissue morselizers are not required. There are no additional operating room or surgeon's fees incurred in the laparoscopic procedures. This series demonstrates that laparoscopic splenectomy is a safe, cost-efficient alternative to open splenectomy in children with a variety of hematologic disorders.
Hicks, B., Thompson, W., Rogers, Z., & Guzzetta, P. (1996). Laparoscopic splenectomy in childhood hematologic disorders. Journal of Laparoendoscopic Surgery, 6 (SUPPL. 1). Retrieved from https://hsrc.himmelfarb.gwu.edu/smhs_surgery_facpubs/2528