Title

Gastric electrical stimulation at proximal stomach induces gastric relaxation in dogs

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2-1-2003

Journal

Neurogastroenterology and Motility

Volume

15

Issue

1

DOI

10.1046/j.1365-2982.2003.00385.x

Keywords

Gastric barostat; Gastric compliance; Gastric electrical stimulation; Gastric relaxation; Stomach

Abstract

Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) improves symptoms in patients with gastroparesis. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To determine if GES at proximal and distal stomach could affect the biomechanical properties of the stomach, thus contributing to the beneficial effect of GES. Four pairs of electrodes were implanted along the greater curvature of the stomach in seven dogs. Gastric tone and compliance was assessed with a barostat. Measurements were obtained randomly during control and proximal and distal stimulation (4 mA, 375 ms and 6/18 cpm). Data as mean or median (25-75th percentiles). Gastric compliance was not affected by proximal and distal GES. Gastric tone was significantly reduced during proximal GES: 82.0 (66.8, 89.1) mL vs control 49.7 (39.6, 75.9) mL at 6 cpm (P = 0.016), and 90.6 (54.5, 117.9) mL vs control 62.8 (39.6, 75.9) mL at 18 cpm (P = 0.031). Tone was not affected by distal GES at 6 cpm: 95.8 (46.3, 106.7) mL vs control 75.2 (49.7, 86.1) mL (P = 0.47) and at 18 cpm: 80.4 (38.1, 170.3) mL vs control 62.8 (44.6, 156.3) mL (P = 0.44). Proximal GES induces gastric relaxation. This effect, if seen also in humans, may explain, in part, the symptomatic improvement associated with GES therapy in patients with gastroparesis.

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