Laparoscopic splenectomy for lymphoproliferative disease

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques








Hand-assisted splenectomy; Hematologic malignancy; Laparoscopic splenectomy; Lymphoproliferative disorders; Splenomegaly


Background: Elective laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) achieves excellent results for benign hematologic diseases. The role of LS for hematologic malignancies is harder to define owing to associated splenomegaly and patient disease that may alter outcome. Methods: Retrospective review of single institution experience 1996 through 2002. To limit variability of disease processes, only patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and lymphoproliferative disease (LPD) were studied. Results: A total of 211 LS have been performed, including 73 for LPD and 86 for ITP. Patients with LPD were significantly older, 61 vs 46 years p < 0.001; male, 45 (62%) vs 33 (38%), p < 0.001; and larger splenic weight, 680 vs 162 g, p < 0.001. Fifty-nine patients (81%) with LPD were operated with standard LS with a conversion rate of 15%. Hand-assisted LS was performed in 14 patients (19%), and three were converted to open. Compared to ITP, patients with LPD had longer operative time, 148 vs 126 min, p < 0001, and higher blood loss, 200 vs 100 cc, p = 0.004. There was one mortality (0.6%), and morbidity occurred in six patients (8%) with LPD and seven (8%) with ITP. The median length of stay was 3 days for LPD and 2 days for ITP, p = 0.03. Forty-six patients were principally operated for a diagnosis, and 27 (60%) were found to have lymphoma. Conclusions: LS can be performed safely in patients with LPD, and when used judiciously with hand-assisted techniques can be performed with low conversion and morbidity rates. Splenectomy plays an important role in establishing the diagnosis of lymphoma in LPD.

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