Gastric electrical stimulation significantly increases canine lower esophageal sphincter pressure
Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Electrical stimulation; Gastrin; Lower esophageal sphincter; Motilin; Neurotensin; Pancreatic polypeptide; Stomach
This study determined the effect of low-frequency and high-frequency gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on canine lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure and also evaluated the effect of such stimulation on neurohumoral factors that modulate LES pressure. Eight dogs were fitted with stimulation wires along the greater curvature of the stomach. A sleeve device measured LES pressure before, during, and after GES, and regulatory peptides were measured during fasting and after a meal. A consistent and significant rise in LES pressure was observed during GES, and it was sustained after GES was discontinued. Plasma concentration and area under the curve of pancreatic polypeptide, motilin, gastrin and neurotensin were not affected by GES. We conclude that acute low- and high-frequency GES significantly increases LES pressure. This effect may not be modulated by efferent vagal activity or release of regulatory peptides. © 2005 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Xing, J., Felsher, J., Brody, F., & Soffer, E. (2005). Gastric electrical stimulation significantly increases canine lower esophageal sphincter pressure. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 50 (8). http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-005-2866-4