Analysis of flow-structure interaction in the larynx during phonation using an immersed-boundary method.
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
A recently developed immersed-boundary method is used to model the flow-structure interaction associated with the human phonation. The glottal airflow is modeled as a two-dimensional incompressible flow driven by a constant subglottal pressure, and the vocal folds are modeled as a pair of three-layered, two-dimensional, viscoelastic structures. Both the fluid dynamics and viscoelasticity are solved on fixed Cartesian grids using a sharp-interface immersed boundary method. It is found that the vibration mode and frequency of the vocal fold model are associated with the eigenmodes of the structures, and that the transition of the vibration mode takes place during onset of the sustained vibration. The computed glottal waveforms of the volume flux, velocity, and pressure are reasonably realistic. The glottal flow features an unsteady jet whose direction is deflected by the large-scale vortices in the supraglottal region. A detailed analysis of the flow and vocal fold vibrations is conducted in order to gain insights into the biomechanics of phonation.
Luo, H., Mittal, R., & Bielamowicz, S. (2009). Analysis of flow-structure interaction in the larynx during phonation using an immersed-boundary method.. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 126 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3158942