Title

Nontraumatic atlantoaxial rotary subluxation in the pediatric otolaryngology patient: A report of four cases

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2001

Journal

Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology

Volume

110

Issue

12

DOI

10.1177/000348940111001210

Keywords

Atlantoaxial rotary subluxation; Grisel's syndrome

Abstract

Nontraumatic atlantoaxial rotary subluxation (NAARS) is a relatively uncommon entity, with inconsistent presentations. It most commonly follows infectious processes or operative procedures. We present our experience with 4 pediatric otolaryngology patients with NAARS who were treated at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics during a 2-year period beginning in 1997. A review of the symptoms, physical findings, and radiographic abnormalities is presented. Treatment options, varying from muscle relaxants to surgical fusion, are discussed. A high index of suspicion in evaluating children with a stiff neck or pain on attempted motion is essential in order to facilitate prompt diagnosis and appropriate intervention.

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