Management of lymphatic malformations: If, when, and how
Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Lymphatic malformations are usually congenital in origin and often arise in the head and neck region. The size of lymphatic malformations varies markedly and treatment is tailored ascending to the degree of function and cosmetic compromise. Current common treatment options include observation, sclerosant therapy, somnoplasty, laser reduction/excision, and surgical removal. The classification, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of lymphatic malformations are further discussed in this article.
Bauman, N., Giguere, C., Manaligod, J., Sato, Y., Burke, D., & Smith, R. (2002). Management of lymphatic malformations: If, when, and how. Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 13 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/otot.2002.31396