Title

New treatment options for lymphangioma in infants and children

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

12-1-2002

Journal

Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology

Volume

111

Issue

12

DOI

10.1177/000348940211101202

Keywords

Cervicofacial malformation; Congenital malformation; Cystic hygroma; Head and neck tumor; Lymphangioma; Lymphovenous malformation; OK-432

Abstract

Lymphangiomas are congenital malformations of the lymphatic system. These lesions occur most often in the head and neck area, and their treatment continues to be a challenge. Fortunately, a number of advances have occurred in the diagnosis and management of lymphatic malformations in the past decade. The purpose of this article is to clarify the embryology, pathogenesis, histopathology, and classification of these lesions, as well as to describe their various forms of clinical presentation. We provide a complete review of the diagnostic measures available and thoroughly discuss new therapeutic interventions proposed to treat lymphangiomas.

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