Title

Pediatric Quality-of-Life Scores Following a Multidisciplinary Aerodigestive Team Approach to Manage Chronic Cough

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Journal

Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology

DOI

10.1177/0003489420931558

Keywords

cough; patient reported outcomes; pediatric airway

Abstract

© The Author(s) 2020. Objectives: Chronic recalcitrant cough is present in 2/3 of pediatric patients evaluated in our tertiary-care multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic (ADC). This study aimed to determine the impact of chronic cough and efficacy of ADC treatment using the validated Pediatric-Cough Quality-of-Life-27 tool (PC-QOL-27). Methods: The PC-QOL-27 survey was administered to ADC patients with chronic cough at initial clinic visit and 6 to 12 weeks after cough management. Pre and post survey scores, demographic data, treatment and evaluation season were collected over 16 months. Results: Twenty parents completed pre and post PC-QOL-27 surveys (mean 12.1 weeks later). Patient median age was 6.04 years (IQR: 2.2-10.44 years). A total of 65% were males and 65% were African American. Management was tailored based on clinical assessment and diagnostic studies, including direct laryngoscopy/bronchoscopy (4), pulmonary function tests (PFT’s 9), esophagogastroduodenoscopy (9), and flexible bronchoscopy/lavage (9). Following ADC management, changes in physical, social and psychological domain scores of the PC-QOL-27 each met the threshold for minimal clinical important difference (MCID) indicating a clinically meaningful improvement. Improvements were most notable in the physical domain where post survey scores significantly improved from pre-survey scores (P =.009) regardless of age, gender, ethnicity, history of endoscopy and season. Conclusions: The physical impact of chronic cough in pediatric patients who failed prior management by a single specialist was lessened by an ADC team approach to management.

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