Routine use of mesh during hiatal closure is safe with no increase in adverse sequelae

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Surgical Endoscopy








Hiatal hernia; Surgery, complications; Surgery/incisions/exposure/techniques


© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Background: Primary laparoscopic hiatal repair with fundoplication is associated with a high recurrence rate. We wanted to evaluate the potential risks posed by routine use of onlay-mesh during hiatal closure, when compared to primary repair. Methods: Utilizing single-institutional database, we identified patients who underwent primary laparoscopic hiatal repair from January 2005 through December 2014. Retrospective chart review was performed to determine perioperative morbidity and mortality. Long-term results were assessed by sending out a questionnaire. Results were tabulated and patients were divided into 2 groups: fundoplication with hiatal closure + absorbable or non-absorbable mesh and fundoplication with hiatal closure alone. Results: A total of 505 patients underwent primary laparoscopic fundoplication. Mesh reinforcement was used in 270 patients (53.5%). There was no significant difference in the 30-day perioperative outcomes between the 2 groups. No clinically apparent erosions were noted and no mesh required removal. Standard questionnaire was sent to 475 patients; 174 (36.6%) patients responded with a median follow-up of 4.29 years. Once again, no difference was noted between the 2 groups in terms of dysphagia, heartburn, long-term antacid use, or patient satisfaction. Of these, 15 patients (16.9%, 15/89) in the ‘Mesh’ cohort had symptomatic recurrence as compared to 19 patients (22.4%, 19/85) in the ‘No Mesh’ cohort (p = 0.362). A reoperation was necessary in 6 patients (6.7%) in the ‘Mesh’ cohort as compared to 3 patients (3.5%) in the ‘No Mesh’ cohort (p = 0.543). Conclusions: Onlay-mesh use in laparoscopic hiatal repair with fundoplication is safe and has similar short and long-term results as primary repair.

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