Title

A Template for Curriculum Development to Teach Complex Surgical or Endoscopic Techniques With Logistical Challenges

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Journal

Journal of Surgical Education

DOI

10.1016/j.jsurg.2020.05.024

Keywords

Colonoscopy; Curriculum; Education; Endoscopy; Simulation; Training

Abstract

© 2020 Association of Program Directors in Surgery Objective: The current, unprecedented pace of change in medicine challenges healthcare professionals to stay up-to-date. To more effectively disseminate new surgical or endoscopic techniques a modern paradigm of training is required. Our aim was to develop a curricular framework for complex techniques that provide logistical challenges to training in order to increase safe, effective use. We use colonic endoscopic submucosal dissection (cESD) as an example. Design: Curriculum development followed a multistep process representing best practice in training and education. First, a Clinical Needs Assessment established the demand for/sustainability of training. A Training Needs Analysis then identified the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required to perform cESD. A modified Delphi process defined desired learner characteristics, identified indications/contraindications to cESD, and developed a procedural task list. A pilot simulation program gathered feedback from cESD faculty experts and learners. Finally, a Behavioral Observation Scale was developed as a clinical assessment tool to assess procedural performance. Setting: The Houston Methodist Institute for Technology, Innovation and Education. Participants: The first Curriculum Design Summit engaged 11 clinical SMEs, 4 education and training SMEs, 3 market development SMEs, and 1 medical device research and design engineer. The second Curriculum Design Summit engaged 10 clinical SMEs, 4 education and training SMEs, and 4 market development SMEs. We also engaged 12 Learner SMEs at both hands-on pilot courses who currently are training to perform cESD. Results: Desired learner criteria were defined (e.g., in practice >2 years, available case volume ≥25/year) to ensure ability and motivation of learners. Lesions were classified by (1) suitability for cESD (Clinical T1N0M0, Paris 0-IIa +1s > 2 cm, 0-IIc + IIa, 0-IIc), and (2) suitability for trainee experience level. A comprehensive cESD task list was constructed and an assessment tool created based on SME review of key characteristics (e.g., comprehensiveness and usability). Conclusion: We describe a comprehensive framework to develop educational curricula for complex surgical/endoscopic techniques with logistical challenges. To illustrate the sustainability of this training model and impact on patient outcomes, we plan to further develop and implement this program nationally.

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