Cell Chem Biol
Base Sequence; Binding Sites; Escherichia coli; Escherichia coli Proteins; Models, Molecular; Protein Conformation; RNA Precursors; RNA, Bacterial; Ribonuclease P
RNA binding proteins (RBPs) are typically involved in non-equilibrium cellular processes, and specificity can arise from differences in ground state, transition state, or product states of the binding reactions for alternative RNAs. Here, we use high-throughput methods to measure and analyze the RNA association kinetics and equilibrium binding affinity for all possible sequence combinations in the precursor tRNA binding site of C5, the essential protein subunit of Escherichia coli RNase P. The results show that the RNA sequence specificity of C5 arises due to favorable RNA-protein interactions that stabilize the transition state for association and bound enzyme-substrate complex. Specificity is further impacted by unfavorable RNA structure involving the C5 binding site in the ground state. The results illustrate a comprehensive quantitative approach for analysis of RNA binding specificity, and show how both RNA structure and sequence preferences of an essential protein subunit direct the specificity of a ribonucleoprotein enzyme.
Lin, H., Zhao, J., Niland, C., Tran, B., Jankowsky, E., & Harris, M. (2016). Analysis of the RNA Binding Specificity Landscape of C5 Protein Reveals Structure and Sequence Preferences that Direct RNase P Specificity.. Cell Chem Biol, 23 (10). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2016.09.002