Title

Vascular Closure Devices: Technical Tips, Complications, and Management

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2015

Journal

Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology

Volume

18

Issue

2

DOI

10.1053/j.tvir.2015.04.008

Keywords

Hemostasis; Manual compression; Vascular access; Vascular closure device

Abstract

© 2015. Vascular closure devices (VCDs) are used to obtain hemostasis at the vascular access site while limiting the need for manual compression. They have gained significant popularity since their introduction in the mid-1990s. In the past 20 years, there has been a multitude of different devices introduced with various mechanisms of action. Manual compression remains the gold standard but can be very time consuming and painful for the patient. VCDs are advantageous in that they can reduce time to hemostasis and patient recovery and improve patient comfort. However, a large number of catheter-based procedures are performed without these closure devices owing to lack of operator familiarity, risk of complications, and cost. Most VCDs are approved for arteriotomies between 5 and 8. F, with 1 device approved for up to 21. F. Major complications include infection and limb ischemia. This article provides an update on currently approved VCDs, a brief overview of the literature, and our institutional experience with these devices.

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