Title

Mediator of DNA damage checkpoint protein 1 (MDC1) expression as a prognostic marker for nodal recurrence in early-stage breast cancer patients treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation therapy

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

4-1-2011

Journal

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

Volume

126

Issue

3

DOI

10.1007/s10549-010-0960-6

Keywords

Early-stage breast cancer; Mediator of DNA damage checkpoint protein 1 (MDC1); Molecular markers; Radiation therapy

Abstract

The mediator of DNA damage checkpoint protein 1 (MDC1) regulates cell cycle checkpoints and recruits repair proteins to sites of double-stranded DNA damage using its BRCA1 carboxy-terminal (BRCT) domains. MDC1 under-expression has been associated with radiosensitivity in cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinico-pathologic and prognostic significance of MDC1 expression in a cohort of early-stage breast cancer patients treated with breast conservation therapy. Paraffin specimens from 489 women with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast conservation therapy were constructed into tissue microarrays. The arrays were stained for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and MDC1. This was correlated with clinico-pathologic factors and outcomes. MDC1 expression was evaluable in 351 cases (72%). Decreased MDC1 expression was found to be correlated with nodal failure (P = 0.05), but not ipsilateral breast relapse-free survival (IBRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), or overall survival (OS). Subset analysis in node-negative patients revealed that decreased MDC1 expression predicted for nodal failure (P < 0.01). Our study is the first to assess the clinico-pathologic and prognostic significance of MDC1 expression in patients with early-stage breast cancer treated with lumpectomy and radiotherapy. MDC1 under-expression predicted for nodal failure, but not for IBRFS, DM, or OS. The role of other proteins involved in the DNA damage repair pathway and their effects on MDC1 expression, as well as the level of MDC1 expression in patients with BRCA1 mutations warrant further investigation. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2010.

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