Interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 1 (IFIT1) as a prognostic marker for local control in T1-2 N0 breast cancer treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation therapy (BCS + RT)
Early-stage breast cancer; interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 1; local control; molecular markers; radiation therapy
Interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 1 (IFIT1) expression, involved in the regulation of translation, has been implicated to mediate resistance to chemotherapy and radiation in cancer cells in vitro. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of IFIT1 protein expression in patients with breast cancer treated with Breast-Conserving Surgery and Radiation Therapy (BCS + RT). A tissue microarray was constructed with specimens from 282 women with node-negative, early-stage (I/II) breast cancer who were treated with BCS + RT. Immunohistochemistry was used to stain for the IFIT1 protein. Cytoplasmic IFIT1 protein expression levels were correlated with clinicopathologic factors, local relapse-free survival (LRFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). IFIT1 positivity was found in 123 (49%) of cases. The median follow-up time was 7.3 years. Eighty percent of the patients had T1 disease, 88% were human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative, and 20% had triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). IFIT1 positivity was associated with estrogen receptor negative status (p = 0.002), progesterone receptor negative status (p = 0.02), TNBC (p = 0.01), and HER2-positive status (p = 0.006). In univariate and multivariate analysis, IFIT1 positivity was associated with improved LRFS (p = 0.055 and p = 0.04, respectively). Using a log-rank test, IFIT1 positivity was found to be associated with improved LRFS (94% versus 85%, p = 0.046) but not DFS or OS at 10 years. On subset analysis of the TNBC patients, IFIT1 positivity was found to correlate with improved LRFS (100% versus 53%, p = 0.004) and DFS in (87% versus 49%, p = 0.048) at 10 years. Elevated IFIT1 protein expression is associated with improved LRFS. In addition, our data suggest that IFIT1 expression may help risk stratify patients with TNBC who may benefit from more aggressive therapy. As there is limited data on IFIT1 in breast cancer, additional work is needed to ascertain its significance. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Danish, H., Goyal, S., Taunk, N., Wu, H., Moran, M., & Haffty, B. (2013). Interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 1 (IFIT1) as a prognostic marker for local control in T1-2 N0 breast cancer treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation therapy (BCS + RT). Breast Journal, 19 (3). http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbj.12097