Title

Cranial irradiation in adults diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia presenting with hyperleukocytosis and neurologic dysfunction

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2014

Journal

Leukemia and Lymphoma

Volume

55

Issue

1

DOI

10.3109/10428194.2013.797088

Keywords

Acute myelogenous leukemia; Adult leukemia; AML; Cranial irradiation; Hyperleukocytosis; Leukostasis

Abstract

This study describes our institution's experience using whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) to treat patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) presenting with hyperleukocytosis. After approval by the institutional review board, we identified patients with AML and hyperleukocytosis using hospital records. The primary endpoints in the study included alleviation of neurological symptoms (or prevention if prophylactic RT was used), overall survival, development of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and ≥ grade 3 toxicities using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0). Eighteen patients received WBRT for the treatment of AML hyperleukocytosis. Thirteen patients received treatment in order to control neurological symptoms. Clinical assessment showed that 12 of 13 patients (92%) achieved resolution of neurological symptoms either concurrent with RT or immediately after RT. The mean overall survival for all of the patients who received WBRT was 14.2 months (95% confidence interval, 5.4-23.0). No patient who received RT experienced ≥ grade 3 toxicity. Two (6%) patients developed ICH following therapy. Our institution's experience demonstrates that WBRT may be utilized as part of multimodality therapy in order to alleviate or prevent neurological symptoms in patients with AML presenting with leukostasis. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd.

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