Title

ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Female Infertility

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

5-1-2020

Journal

Journal of the American College of Radiology

Volume

17

Issue

5

DOI

10.1016/j.jacr.2020.01.018

Keywords

Appropriate Use Criteria; Appropriateness Criteria; AUC; Endometriosis; Infertility; Ovarian reserve; Polycystic ovarian syndrome; Recurrent pregnancy loss; Tubal occlusion

Abstract

© 2020 American College of Radiology The most common known causes of female infertility are male factor (26%), ovulatory failure (21%), and tubal damage (14%), while in 28% a couple's infertility remains unexplained. Female-specific causes of infertility include deterioration of oocyte quality with increasing maternal age; ovulatory disorders, most notably polycystic ovarian syndrome; history of salpingitis such as that caused by chlamydia infection; endometriosis; and uterine cavity abnormalities interfering with implantation causing inability to become pregnant or causing recurrent pregnancy loss. These potential causes of female infertility are discussed in this document and the appropriate imaging recommendations for each variant are provided. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

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