Catheter-Related Venous Thrombosis in Hospitalized Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Incidence, Characteristics, and Role of Anticoagulant Thromboprophylaxis with Enoxaparin

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Journal of Pediatrics






central venous catheters; enoxaparin; inflammatory bowel diseases; thrombophilia; venous thrombosis


© 2018 Elsevier Inc. Objective: To describe the incidence and characteristics of central venous catheter (CVC)-related thrombosis in hospitalized pediatric patients with active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and report the potential usefulness of anticoagulant thromboprophylaxis (AT). Study design: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who were admitted to our children's hospital in the last 2 years with active IBD and required a CVC and identified all patients with an objectively confirmed symptomatic CVC-related thrombosis. To assess the usefulness of a recently implemented institutional AT protocol, we compared the frequency of CVC-related thrombosis, nadir hemoglobin, and red blood cell transfusion requirements in patients who received AT with those who did not during the study period. Results: A total of 40 patients with IBD who required 47 consecutive hospitalizations were included. AT was administered during 24 of 47 hospitalizations (51%). Patients who received AT were similar to those who did not receive AT with regard to demographics, IBD phenotypes, extent of colonic involvement, and thrombotic risk factors. CVC-related thrombosis occurred in 5 of 23 hospitalizations (22%) in which AT was withheld compared with 0 of 24 hospitalizations (0%) in which patients received AT (P =.02). The red blood cell transfusion requirements and nadir hemoglobin were not significantly different between the 2 groups. Conclusions: We observed a high incidence of CVC-related thrombosis in hospitalized children with IBD. Administration of AT in our population was associated with significant reduction in CVC-related thrombosis without evidence of increased bleeding.

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