Functional impairment in mild cognitive impairment evidenced using performance-based measurement
Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
ADLs; functional ability; IADLs; MCI; performance-based measure
© 2014 The Author(s). Older adults (OAs) with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are traditionally thought to have preservation of activities of daily living (ADLs). However, recent evidence suggests OAs with MCI may have difficulty completing ADLs and specifically instrumental ADLs (IADLs). The ADLs are frequently evaluated through self- or collateral report questionnaires, while performance-based measures are infrequently utilized, despite the decreased bias and increased accuracy and sensitivity associated with these instruments. This investigation compared ADLs between community-dwelling OAs with (n = 20) and without MCI (n = 30) using a self-report questionnaire (Older American Resources and Services Activities of Daily Living Scale; OARS), a collateral report questionnaire (OARS), and a performance-based measure (the Direct Assessment of Functional Status-Revised). Consistent with our hypothesis, OAs with MCI had decreased ADLs and IADLs on the performance-based measure compared to cognitively intact OAs, while there were no differences in ADLs or IADLs on self-report questionnaires or collateral report questionnaires. Our results suggest OAs with MCI have decreased ability to complete IADLs. However, this investigation suggests these deficits may not be detected by questionnaires and are more likely to be found with performance-based testing.
Puente, A., Terry, D., Faraco, C., Brown, C., & Miller, L. (2014). Functional impairment in mild cognitive impairment evidenced using performance-based measurement. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 27 (4). http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0891988714532016