Title

Accuracy of proactive case finding for mental disorders by community informants in Nepal

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

12-1-2015

Journal

British Journal of Psychiatry

Volume

207

Issue

6

DOI

10.1192/bjp.bp.113.141077

Abstract

© The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2015. Background Accurate detection of persons in need of mental healthcare is crucial to reduce the treatment gap between psychiatric burden and service use in low-and middle-income (LAMI) countries. Aims To evaluate the accuracy of a community-based proactive case-finding strategy (Community Informant Detection Tool, CIDT), involving pictorial vignettes, designed to initiate pathways for mental health treatment in primary care settings. Method Community informants using the CIDT identified screen positive (n = 110) and negative persons (n = 85). Participants were then administered the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Results The CIDT has a positive predictive value of 0.64 (0.68 for adults only) and a negative predictive value of 0.93 (0.91 for adults only). Conclusions The CIDT has promising detection properties for psychiatric caseness. Further research should investigate its potential to increase demand for, and access to, mental health services.

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