Title

Impaired central stress-induced release of noradrenaline in rats with heart failure: A microdialysis study

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-11-2002

Journal

Neuroscience

Volume

114

Issue

3

DOI

10.1016/S0306-4522(02)00337-8

Keywords

Corticosterone; Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical; Myocardial infarction; Norepinephrine; Paraventricular nucleus; Stress

Abstract

Sympathetic hyperactivity in rats with heart failure is associated with increased extracellular noradrenaline in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus at rest. However, it is unknown how this nucleus responds to stressful stimuli. In the present study we therefore examined the basal and stress-induced release of noradrenaline in the paraventricular nucleus of conscious Sprague-Dawley rats with heart failure measured by in vivo microdialysis. Basal noradrenaline concentration in the paraventricular nucleus of rats with heart failure was more than double that in sham-operated controls. Immobilization stress decreases noradrenaline levels in the paraventricular nucleus of rats with heart failure to 57% of baseline, while it increased in sham-operated controls to 228%. However, serum corticosterone was similarly elevated at 30 and 90 min post-stress in both experimental groups. We have shown that heart failure causes an impairment of the central noradrenergic system's response to acute sympatho-excitation but does not affect the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical response. © 2002 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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