Effects of bile acid depletion and of ursodeoxycholic and chenodeoxycholic acids on biliary protein secretion in the hamster
The effect of changes of both the rate of secretion and the composition of bile acids on biliary proteins was studied in a bile fistula hamster model. Biliary protein secretion as well as bile flow and bile acid secretion were studied in response to intravenous infusions of low, medium and high doses of ursodeoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid in comparison to the infusion of the normal saline carrier (control) solution. The control-infused animals showed a marked and statistically significant increase in both the concentration and tottal excretion of biliary proteins. All three doses of ursodeoxycholic acid either prevented the increase of protein concentration or led to its decrease. The low and medium doses of chenodeoxycholic acid had similar effects. However, the high dose of this bile acid was cholestatic and increased the biliary protein concentration. The results of the study indicate that decreases in bile acid secretion, as they occur after an interruption of the enterohepatic circulation, may lead to major increases in biliary protein concentration. The study also shows that these changes in protein secretion, which may promote nucleation, are reversed by the cholelitholytic bile acids, ursodeoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid. © 1990.
Malavolti, M., Fromm, H., Ceryak, S., & Shehan, K. (1990). Effects of bile acid depletion and of ursodeoxycholic and chenodeoxycholic acids on biliary protein secretion in the hamster. Life Sciences, 46 (23). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0024-3205(90)90388-8