Title

Selective inhibition of CYP27A1 and of chenodeoxycholic acid synthesis in cholestatic hamster liver

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

11-20-2002

Journal

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease

Volume

1588

Issue

2

DOI

10.1016/S0925-4439(02)00157-6

Keywords

5β-Cholestane-3α,7α,12α-triol 25-hydroxylase (CYP3A); 7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one 12α-hydroxylase (CYP8B1); Bile acid synthesis; Cholestasis; Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the regulation of serum cholic acid (CA)/chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) ratio in cholestatic hamster induced by ligation of the common bile duct for 48 h. The serum concentration of total bile acids and CA/CDCA ratio were significantly elevated, and the serum proportion of unconjugated bile acids to total bile acids was reduced in the cholestatic hamster similar to that in patients with obstructive jaundice. The hepatic CA/CDCA ratio increased from 3.6 to 11.0 (P<0.05) along with a 2.9-fold elevation in CA concentration (P<0.05) while the CDCA level remained unchanged. The hepatic mRNA and protein level as well as microsomal activity of the cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase, 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one 12α-hydroxylase and 5β-cholestane-3α,7α,12α-triol 25-hydroxylase were not significantly affected in cholestatic hamsters. In contrast, the mitochondrial activity and enzyme mass of the sterol 27-hydroxylase were significantly reduced, while its mRNA levels remained normal in bile duct-ligated hamster. In conclusion, bile acid biosynthetic pathway via mitochondrial sterol 27-hydroxylase was preferentially inhibited in bile duct-ligated hamsters. The suppression of CYP27A1 is, at least in part, responsible for the relative decreased production of CDCA and increased CA/CDCA ratio in the liver, bile and serum of cholestatic hamsters. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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