Key factors behind autofluorescence changes caused by ablation of cardiac tissue
Radiofrequency ablation is a commonly used clinical procedure that destroys arrhythmogenic sources in patients suffering from atrial fibrillation and other types of cardiac arrhythmias. To improve the success of this procedure, new approaches for real-time visualization of ablation sites are being developed. One of these promising methods is hyperspectral imaging, an approach that detects lesions based on changes in the endogenous tissue autofluorescence profile. To facilitate the clinical implementation of this approach, we examined the key variables that can influence ablation-induced spectral changes, including the drop in myocardial NADH levels, the release of lipofuscin-like pigments, and the increase in diffuse reflectance of the cardiac muscle beneath the endocardial layer. Insights from these experiments suggested simpler algorithms that can be used to acquire and post-process the spectral information required to reveal the lesion sites. Our study is relevant to a growing number of multilayered clinical targets to which spectral approaches are being applied.
Muselimyan, N., Asfour, H., & Sarvazyan, N. (2020). Key factors behind autofluorescence changes caused by ablation of cardiac tissue. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-72351-6