Title

Behavioral Health Diagnoses in Youth with Differences of Sex Development or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Compared with Controls: A PEDSnet Study

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

12-1-2021

Journal

Journal of Pediatrics

Volume

239

DOI

10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.08.066

Keywords

anxiety; congenital adrenal hyperplasia; depression; developmental delay; difference of sex development; disorder of sex development; intellectual disability; neurodevelopmental; psychiatric

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the odds of a behavioral health diagnosis among youth with differences of sex development (DSD) or congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) compared with matched controls in the PEDSnet database. Study design: All youth with a diagnosis of DSD (n = 1216) or CAH (n = 1647) and at least 1 outpatient encounter were extracted from the PEDSnet database and propensity-score matched on 8 variables (1:4) with controls (n = 4864 and 6588, respectively) using multivariable logistic regression. The likelihood of having behavioral health diagnoses was examined using generalized estimating equations. Results: Youth with DSD had higher odds of a behavioral health diagnosis (OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.4-2.1; P <.0001) and neurodevelopmental diagnosis (OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.4, 2.0; P <.0001) compared with matched controls. Youth with CAH did not have an increased odds of a behavioral health diagnosis (OR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.9, 1.1; P =.9) compared with matched controls but did have higher odds of developmental delay (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.4, 2.4; P <.0001). Conclusions: Youth with DSD diagnosis have higher odds of a behavioral health or neurodevelopmental diagnosis compared with matched controls. Youth with CAH have higher odds of developmental delay, highlighting the need for screening in both groups.

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