EEG Correlates of Active Stopping and Preparation for Stopping in Chronic Tic Disorder
Electroencephalography; Stop signal task; Tourette Syndrome
Motor inhibition is an important cognitive process involved in tic suppression. As the right frontal lobe contains important inhibitory network nodes, we characterized right superior, middle, and inferior frontal gyral (RSFG, RMFG, RIFG) event-related oscillations during motor inhibition in youth with chronic tic disorders (CTD) versus controls. Fourteen children with CTD and 13 controls (10–17 years old) completed an anticipated-response stop signal task while dense-array electroencephalography was recorded. Between-group differences in spectral power changes (3–50 Hz) were explored after source localization and multiple comparisons correction. Two epochs within the stop signal task were studied: (1) preparatory phase early in the trial before motor execution/inhibition and (2) active inhibition phase after stop signal presentation. Correlation analyses between electrophysiologic data and clinical rating scales for tic, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and inattention/hyperactivity were performed. There were no behavioral or electrophysiological differences during active stopping. During stop preparation, CTD participants showed greater event-related desynchronization (ERD) in the RSFG (γ-band), RMFG (β, γ-bands), and RIFG (θ, α, β, γ-bands). Higher RSFG γ-ERD correlated with lower tic severity (r = 0.66, p = 0.04). Our findings suggest RSFG γ-ERD may represent a mechanism that allows CTD patients to keep tics under control and achieve behavioral performance similar to peers.
Vera, A., Pedapati, E., Larsh, T., Kohmescher, K., Miyakoshi, M., Huddleston, D., Jackson, H., Gilbert, D., Horn, P., & Wu, S. (2022). EEG Correlates of Active Stopping and Preparation for Stopping in Chronic Tic Disorder. Brain Sciences, 12 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12020151