Aquaporin-5 Expression Is Reduced in Lymphocytic Colitis
Annals of clinical and laboratory science
© 2020 by the Association of Clinical Scientists, Inc. OBJECTIVE: Aquaporin-5 (AQP5) is a member of a family of water channel proteins involved in the bidirectional transfer of water across cell membranes. Lymphocytic colitis (LC) and collagenous colitis (CC) are clinically similar diseases characterized by chronic watery diarrhea in patients with usually unremarkable colonic mucosa on colonoscopy. The aim of this study was to determine whether AQP5 expression in colonic epithelium is altered in LC and CC. METHODS: Sections of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded colorectal biopsies from three control patients (CTL), 8 patients with chronic non-bloody diarrhea with biopsies negative for active inflammation or significant distortion (CTL-D), 8 patients with LC, and 5 with CC were stained for AQP5 using immunohistochemistry. The staining intensity was scored as 3 (strong), 2 (intermediate), 1 (weak), or 0 (no staining). Statistical analysis was performed using Prism 7 Statistical Soft-ware. RESULTS: AQP5 was strongly expressed (score 3) in the epithelial cells in all three CTL cases and all 8 CTL-D cases. In the 5 cases of CC, 3(60%) had score 3 and 2(40%) had score 2, but none had a score of 1 or 0. Of the 8 LC cases, 2(25%) had score 3, 3 had score 2(37.5%), and 3 had score 1(37.5%) (p=0.0031). In the three cases of LC with markedly reduced AQP5 (score 1), enteric steroid treatment did not lead to significant improvement in diarrhea. CONCLUSIONS: Colorectal AQP5 expression is reduced in most cases of LC. Markedly reduced AQP5 expression in LC may identify a subset of patients with suboptimal response to enteric steroid treatment. Additional larger studies are needed to confirm these findings.This abstract was presented in part at Digestive Diseases Week in San Diego, CA, May 2019.
Tong, Y., Dupont, A., Cash, B., Ertan, A., & Younes, M. (2020). Aquaporin-5 Expression Is Reduced in Lymphocytic Colitis. Annals of clinical and laboratory science, 50 (4). Retrieved from https://hsrc.himmelfarb.gwu.edu/smhs_path_facpubs/960