Effects of CXC chemokines on neutrophil activation and sequestration in hepatic vasculature
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Adhesion molecules; CD11b/CD18; Complement activation; Cytokines; L-selectin; Mac-1
The initiating step of neutrophil-induced cytotoxicity in the liver is the recruitment of these phagocytes into sinusoids. The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy of systemic exposure with individual inflammatory mediators on neutrophil activation and sequestration in the hepatic vasculature of C3Heb/FeJ mice as assessed by flow cytometry and histochemistry, respectively. The CXC chemokine macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2; 20 μg/kg) induced a time-dependent upregulation of Mac-1 (318% at 4 h) and shedding of L-selectin (41% at 4 h). MIP-2 treatment caused a temporary increase of sinusoidal neutrophil accumulation at 0.5 h [97 ± 6 polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN)/50 high-power fields (HPF)], which declined to baseline (8 ± 2) at 4 h. The CXC chemokine KC was largely ineffective in activating neutrophils or recruiting them into the liver. Cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1α) and cobra venom factor substantially increased Mac-1 expression and L-selectin shedding on neutrophils and caused stable sinusoidal neutrophil accumulation (170-220 PMN/50 HPF). Only cytokines induced venular neutrophil margination. Thus CXC chemokines in circulation are less effective than cytokines or complement in activation of neutrophils and their recruitment into the hepatic vasculature in vivo.
Bajt, M., Farhood, A., & Jaeschke, H. (2001). Effects of CXC chemokines on neutrophil activation and sequestration in hepatic vasculature. American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 281 (5 44-5). http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpgi.2001.281.5.g1188