Role of lipid peroxidation as a mechanism of liver injury after acetaminophen overdose in mice
α-tocopherol; γ-tocopherol; Acetaminophen; Allyl alchohol; Lipid peroxidation; Vitamin E
Mitochondrial oxidant stress and peroxynitrite formation have been implicated in the pathophysiology of acetaminophen-induced (AAP-induced) liver injury. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that lipid peroxidation (LPO) might be involved in the injury mechanism. Male C3Heb/FeJ mice fed a diet high in vitamin E (1 g d-α-tocopheryl acetate/kg diet) for 1 week had 6.7-fold higher hepatic tocopherol levels than animals on the control diet (8.2 ± 0.1 nmol/g liver). Treatment of fasted mice with 300 mg/kg AAP caused centrilobular necrosis with high plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities at 6 h (3280 ± 570 U/l) but no evidence of LPO (hepatic malondialdehyde, 4-hydroxynonenal). Animals on the vitamin E diet had similar injury and LPO as mice on the control diet. To verify a potential effect of the vitamin E diet on drug-induced liver injury, animals were pretreated with a combination of phorone, FeSO4, and allyl alcohol. We observed, 2 h after allyl alcohol, massive LPO and liver cell injury in the livers of animals on the control diet, as indicated by a 32-fold increase in malondialdehyde levels, extensive staining for 4-hydroxynonenal, and ALT activities of 2310 ± 340 U/l. Animals on the vitamin E diet had 40% lower hepatic malondialdehyde levels and 85% lower ALT values. Similar results were obtained when animals were treated for 3 days with α- or γ-tocopherol (0.19 mmol/kg, ip). Both treatments reduced LPO and injury after allyl alcohol but had no effect on AAP hepatotoxicity. Thus, despite the previously shown mitochondrial oxidant stress and peroxynitrite formation, LPO does not appear to be a critical event in AAP-induced hepatotoxicity.
Knight, T., Fariss, M., Farhood, A., & Jaeschke, H. (2003). Role of lipid peroxidation as a mechanism of liver injury after acetaminophen overdose in mice. Toxicological Sciences, 76 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfg220