Amoxycillin tolerance in helicobacter pylori
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Resistance to amoxycillin in Helicobacter pylori has only recently been reported. To demonstrate the existence of resistance, and to test for the presence of tolerance, 17 amoxycillin-resistant strains of H. pylori, first isolated in Sardinia (Italy) and the USA, were studied. Four amoxycillin-sensitive strains were used as controls. Primary isolates of all test strains exhibited amoxycillin resistance; β-lactamase activity was not detected. Amoxycillin resistance was lost after storage of strains at -80°C but could be rescued by plating these strains on to amoxycillin gradient plates. MICs and MBCs from rescued isolates ranged from 0.5 to 32 mg/L and from 32 to > 1024 mg/L, respectively. MBC/MIC ratios ≥ 32 are characteristic of antibiotic tolerance. The ratios of MBC/MIC of amoxycillin ranged from 32 to > 1024 for the test strains, indicating that these strains were tolerant to the antibiotic. Amoxycillin resistance does occur in H. pylori. Amoxycillin susceptibility testing of H. pylori isolates in patients who fail therapy should include determination of the MBC to detect tolerance.
Dore, M., Osato, M., Realdi, G., Mura, I., Graham, D., & Sepulveda, A. (1999). Amoxycillin tolerance in helicobacter pylori. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 43 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/43.1.47