Mutational analysis by next generation sequencing of gastric type dysplasia occurring in hyperplastic polyps of the stomach. Mutations in gastric hyperplastic polyps
Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Dysplasia; Gastric hyperplastic polyp; Gastric polyp; GHP; Next-generation; NSG; Stomach
© 2015 Elsevier Inc. Gastric hyperplastic polyps (GHP) are the most common type of polyps occurring in the stomach. Although GHP are broadly interpreted as benign lesions, they may progress to dysplasia and adenocarcinoma. Objective: In this study, we aimed to identify genomic mutations that characterize and may drive malignant transformation in GHP by using next-generation sequencing. Eight GHP (2 with dysplasia, 1 indefinite for dysplasia and 5 without dysplasia) were studied. Only large polyps (> 1 cm) with gastric differentiation were included in this study, while adenomatous polyps (intestinal-type) were excluded. Immunohistochemistry for MUC2, MUC5A, MUC6, CDX2, p53, and Ki67 was performed. DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections and sequenced for the detection of somatic mutations. Multiplex sequencing was done with the TrueSeq Amplicon Cancer Panel in the MiSeq platform. Variant annotation and visualization were performed using NextGENe (SoftGenetics) software. No pathogenic mutations were detected in GHP without dysplasia. TP53 gene mutations were the most common alteration in dysplastic GHP (2 of 2 dysplastic cases). PIK3CA mutation was identified in a GHP with pyloric-type dysplasia, whereas foveolar-type dysplasia carried TP53 mutations. In conclusion, TP53 gene mutations are a common alteration in the early dysplastic stage during malignant transformation of GHP. GHP with dysplasia may show dual differentiation. In our study, pyloric-type dysplasia was associated with a PIK3CA alteration whereas foveolar dysplasia carried TP53 mutations. The identification of carcinoma-associated mutations in large GHP provides additional evidence of their neoplastic potential and emphasizes the need for their complete resection and follow-up.
Salomao, M., Luna, A., Sepulveda, J., & Sepulveda, A. (2015). Mutational analysis by next generation sequencing of gastric type dysplasia occurring in hyperplastic polyps of the stomach. Mutations in gastric hyperplastic polyps. Experimental and Molecular Pathology, 99 (3). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexmp.2015.08.014