Title

Acute and Chronic Effects of Nicotine on Serotonin Uptake in Prefrontal Cortex and Hippocampus of Rats

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

12-1-2003

Journal

Synapse

Volume

50

Issue

3

DOI

10.1002/syn.10259

Keywords

Cognition; Serotonin; Transporter

Abstract

We sought to investigate the effect of nicotine exposure (chronic and acute) on serotonin transporter (SERT) activity in two regions of the brain important for behavioral effects of nicotine. We first looked at the effects of chronic nicotine exposure (0.7 mg/kg nicotine, twice a day for 10 days) on [3H]5-HT uptake in prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus of rats. A significant increase in [3H]5-HT uptake was observed in synaptosomes prepared from both regions. To rule out the possibility that the increases were due to the last injection given, in a separate set of experiments a single injection of nicotine was administered the evening before sacrifice. No change in uptake occurred in either region, suggesting that the increases in uptake caused by nicotine was an effect of chronic exposure and not to an acute treatment. SERT binding studies, using prefrontocortical or hippocampal membrane preparations, revealed that chronic nicotine exposure significantly increased Bmax which correlated to an increase in SERT density. Lastly, we looked at the short-term effect of nicotine on [3H]5-HT uptake. Rats received a single nicotine injection 15-75 min before sacrifice. PFC synaptosomes displayed a time-dependent increase in uptake, whereas hippocampal synaptosomes showed an increase at only one time point. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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