Title

Application of unsupervised learning to hyperspectral imaging of cardiac ablation lesions

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-1-2018

Journal

Journal of Medical Imaging

Volume

5

Issue

4

DOI

10.1117/1.JMI.5.4.046003

Keywords

autofluorescence; cardiac ablation; hyperspectral imaging; k -means clustering; lesion detection/visualization; radiofrequency ablation; spectral unmixing; unsupervised learning

Abstract

© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. It is being effectively treated using the radiofrequency ablation (RFA) procedure, which destroys culprit tissue and creates scars that prevent the spread of abnormal electrical activity. Long-term success of RFA could be improved further if ablation lesions can be directly visualized during the surgery. We have shown that autofluorescence-based hyperspectral imaging (aHSI) can help to identify lesions based on spectral unmixing. We show that use of k-means clustering, an unsupervised learning method, is capable of detecting RFA lesions without a priori knowledge of the lesions' spectral characteristics. We also show that the number of spectral bands required for successful lesion identification can be significantly reduced, enabling the use of increased spectral bandwidth. Together, these findings can help with clinical implementation of a percutaneous aHSI catheter, since by reducing the number of spectral bands one can reduce hypercube acquisition and processing times, and by increasing the spectral width of individual bands one can collect more photons. The latter is of critical importance in low-light applications such as intracardiac aHSI. The ultimate goal of our studies is to help improve clinical outcomes for atrial fibrillation patients.

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