Antibody-facilitated macrophage killing of Trypanosoma musculi is an extracellular process as studied in several variations of an in vitro analytical system
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Antibody-facilitated trypanolysis; Macrophage; Trypanosome
Antibody-facilitated macrophage (MP) destruction of Trypanosoma musculi involves ingestion and intracellular degradation of the parasites. It is likely, however, as we show here, that death of the trypanosomes is extracellular and it is the corpses that are ingested by MPs. We have utilized both peritoneal MPs and a cloned line (WLG 5) of mouse MPs to analyze the killing of T. musculi. Both types of MP were more effective when activated by interferon-γ (IFN-γ) rather than lipopolysaccharide (LPS). When activated by both, LPS diminished the killing activity stimulated by IFN-γ, perhaps by changing the spectrum of lysins/toxins released by the MPs. Nitric oxide (NO) was found to be toxic for T. musculi and to be responsible, in part, for MP killing of the parasites. Although antibody and complement in concert caused lysis of T musculi, complement was not required for MP killing of the parasites. In the course of this investigation, we developed an in vitro system, involving line 5 MPs and plasma from infected mice containing resident parasites, that should prove satisfactory for detailed analyses of the mechanisms of the antibody-dependent, cell-mediated cure of T. musculi infection.
Albright, J., Stewart, M., Latham, P., & Albright, J. (1994). Antibody-facilitated macrophage killing of Trypanosoma musculi is an extracellular process as studied in several variations of an in vitro analytical system. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 56 (5). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jlb.56.5.636