Title

The relationships of skeletal injuries with trauma score, injury severity score, length of hospital stay, hospital charges, and mortality in children admitted to a regional pediatric trauma center

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-1994

Journal

Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics

Volume

14

Issue

4

DOI

10.1097/01241398-199407000-00005

Keywords

Fractures; Pediatric trauma; Trauma center

Abstract

Thirty-four-hundred and seventy-two children were consecutively admitted for acute traumatic injuries over a 34 month period to the Children's National Medical Center. The study comprised 805 patients who sustained 953 fractures and dislocations. The male to female ratio was 2:1. Age at the time of admission was evenly distributed over 16 years, with a mean of 8.3 years. Pedestrian accidents and falls each accounted for 34% of the musculoskeletal injuries, whereas motor vehicle accidents accounted for an additional 13%. The femur was the most commonly fractured bone, representing 22% of all fractures and dislocations, followed by the humerus (16%), tibia/fibula (12%), ankle/foot (13%), and radius/ ulna (8%). Nine percent of the fractures were open. The average length of hospital stay was 8.6 days, and the average cost per hospital admission was $8,765. The mortality rate was 3%. Central musculoskeletal injuries (spine, clavicle/scapula, and pelvis) in our hospitalized patients were associated with the longest hospital stays and intensive care unit admissions, and lowest Trauma Scores, as well as the highest Injury Severity Scores, hospital charges, and mortality rates. © 1994 Raven Press, Ltd., New York.

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