Title

3D Printed scaffolds with hierarchical biomimetic structure for osteochondral regeneration

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

7-1-2019

Journal

Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine

Volume

19

DOI

10.1016/j.nano.2019.04.002

Keywords

3D printing; Chondrogenesis; Nanomaterials; Osteochondral; Osteogenesis

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier Inc. Osteochondral defects resulting from trauma and/or pathologic disorders are critical clinical problems. The current approaches still do not yield satisfactory due to insufficient donor sources and potential immunological rejection of implanted tissues. 3D printing technology has shown great promise for fabricating customizable, biomimetic tissue matrices. The purpose of the present study is to investigate 3D printed scaffolds with biomimetic, biphasic structure for osteochondral regeneration. For this purpose, nano-hydroxyapatite and transforming growth factor beta 1 nanoparticles were synthesized and distributed separately into the lower and upper layers of the biphasic scaffold, which was fabricated using 3D stereolithography printer. Our results showed that this scaffold design successfully promoted osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, as well as enhanced gene expression associated with both osteogenesis and chondrogenesis alike. The finding demonstrated that 3D printed osteochondral scaffolds with biomimetic, biphasic structure are excellent candidates for osteochondral repair and regeneration.

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