Title

Diagnostic procedures in vitreoretinal lymphoma

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2014

Journal

Ocular Immunology and Inflammation

Volume

22

Issue

4

DOI

10.3109/09273948.2013.848905

Keywords

Biopsy; Diagnosis; Masquerade; Vitrectomy; Vitreoretinal lymphoma

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the type and number of diagnostic interventions needed to confirm the presence of vitreoretinal lymphoma. Method: Chart review of interventions performed for diagnosis of vitreoretinal lymphoma. Results: Of the 27 cases, diagnosis was made by pars plana vitrectomy in 13 (48.1%), vitreous tap in 2 (7.4%), anterior chamber tap in 1 (3.7%), chorioretinal biopsy in 2 (7.4%), brain biopsy in 5 (18.5%), and cerebrospinal fluid cytology via lumbar puncture in 4 (14.8%). Ten (37%) had definitive results on the first procedure, and 17 (63%) had at least one false negative. Vitrectomy was the most common procedure performed. Patients required a mean of 2.1 procedures. Average time from onset of symptoms to confirmed histopathologic diagnosis was 13.9 months. Conclusion: Vitreoretinal lymphoma is difficult to recognize and requires a high degree of clinical suspicion. It often takes more than one invasive procedure to make the diagnosis. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

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