Neonatal pulmonary mechanics and oxygenation after prophylactic amnioinfusion in labor: A randomized clinical trial

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Journal Article

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amnioinfusion; neonate; oxygenation; pulmonary mechanics


Objective. Amnioinfusion has been reported to improve the perinatal outcome of pregnancies complicated by decreased amniotic fluid volume, but detailed information on its possible adverse effects on neonatal pulmonary mechanics and oxygenation is not available. Study design. We evaluated 42 infants with birth weights of 2600 to 4320 g and gestational ages of 36 to 44 weeks, who were born to mothers enrolled in a prospective, randomized trial of amnioinfusion for oligohydramnios in labor. Maternal entry criteria were gestational age 36 weeks or older, estimated fetal weight more than 2500 g, oligohydramnios defined as an amniotic fluid index of 5 cm or less, and a normal fetal heart rate pattern. Evaluation of pulmonary mechanics and oxygen saturation (SaO2) was done with the infants breathing room air between birth and day 3 of life. Transpulmonary pressure, flow, and tidal volume were recorded simultaneously, and pulmonary resistance and lung compliance were calculated. SaO2 was measured for 30 minutes with the Nellcor N-200 oximeter and IBM computer oximetry software. Results. Evaluation of the data revealed no significant difference between the two groups for tidal volume, lung compliance, pulmonary resistance, or work of breathing. There were no differences between the two groups in the number of desaturation episodes or in percent of desaturations to less than 90%, 85%, or 80% SaO2. Conclusion. Prior studies have shown amnioinfusion to improve perinatal outcome. Our findings demonstrate that amnioinfusion for oligohydramnios in labor does not adversely affect neonatal pulmonary mechanics or oxygenation.

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