Title

Blood type association with bleeding outcomes at delivery in a large multi-center study

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

8-1-2020

Journal

Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis

Volume

50

Issue

2

DOI

10.1007/s11239-019-02023-4

Keywords

ABO; Blood group; Postpartum hemorrhage; Von Willebrand disease

Abstract

© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Postpartum hemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal death globally. Recent studies have associated Type-O group to increased risk of bleeding. We aimed to determine if women with Type-O blood are at higher risk of PPH. This is a retrospective cohort analysis of a multi-center database included women admitted to labor and delivery from January 2015 to June 2018. All deliveries resulting in live birth were included. Association between Type-O and non Type-O were examined using chi-square test and fishers exact test. Prevalence of postpartum hemorrhage, estimated blood loss, drop in hematocrit and red blood cell transfusion were compared. The matched sample included 40,964 Type-O and the same number of no Type-O. The overall prevalence of postpartum hemorrhage was 6.4%, and there was no difference in the prevalence of PPH among Type-O compared to non Type-O (6.38% vs. 6.37% respectively; p = 0.96). There was no difference in hematocrit drop and estimated blood loss between Type-O and non Type-O in all deliveries. However, in cesarean delivery there was a significant difference in blood loss among the two groups. Finally, Type-O had 1.09-fold increased risk for transfusion compared to non Type O (95% CI 0.9–1.34). There is an association between Type-O group and risk of bleeding in women undergoing cesarean delivery. More prospective studies, taking into account coagulation profile, platelet count and tissue factors, are needed to draw a conclusion on whether ABO system can be considered a heritable risk of postpartum hemorrhage.

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