Behavioral Sciences (Basel, Switzerland)
Art is defined as expression or application of human creative skill and imagination producing works to be appreciated primarily for their aesthetic value or emotional power. This definition encompasses two very important elements—the creation and reception of art—and by doing so it establishes a link, a dialogue between the artist and spectator. From the evolutionary biological perspective, activities need to have an immediate or remote effect on the population through improving survival, gene selection, and environmental adjustment, and this includes art. It may serve as a universal means of communication bypassing time, cultural, ethnic, and social differences. The neurological mechanisms of both art production and appreciation are researched by neuroscientists and discussed both in terms of healthy brain biology and complex neuronal networking perspectives. In this paper, we describe folk art and the issue of symbolic archetypes in psychoanalytic thought as well as offer neuronal mechanisms for art by emphasizing mirror/neurons and the role they play in it.
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Piechowski-Jozwiak, B., Boller, F., & Bogousslavsky, J. (2017). Universal Connection through Art: Role of Mirror Neurons in Art Production and Reception.. Behavioral Sciences (Basel, Switzerland), 7 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs7020029