Title

Elevated calcitonin precursor levels are related to mortality in an animal model of sepsis

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

7-12-1999

Journal

Critical Care

Volume

3

Issue

1

DOI

10.1186/cc300

Keywords

Inflammation; Peritonitis; Procalcitonin; Prohormone; Serum marker

Abstract

Background: Increased serum levels of procalcitonin (ProCT) and its component peptides have been reported in humans with sepsis. Using a hamster model of bacterial peritonitis, we investigated whether serum ProCT levels are elevated and correlate with mortality and hypocalcemia. Results: Incremental increases in doses of bacteria resulted in proportional increases in 72 h mortality rates (0, 20, 70, and 100%) as well as increases in serum total immunoreactive calcitonin (iCT) levels at 12 h (250, 380, 1960, and 4020 pg/ml, respectively, vs control levels of 21 pg/ml). Gel filtration studies revealed that ProCT was the predominant (>90%) molecular form of serum iCT secreted. In the metabolic experiments, total iCT peaked at 12 h concurrent with the maximal decrease in serum calcium. Conclusions: In this animal model, hyper-procalcitoninemia was an early systemic marker of sepsis which correlated closely with mortality and had an inverse correlation with serum calcium levels.

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