SCID repopulating cells derived from unmobilised adult human peripheral blood
Current Medical Research and Opinion
CD34; Colony-forming units; CR3/43 monoclonal antibody; Differentiation; Engraftment; Fluorescence in situ hybridisation; Haematopoietic-conducive conditions; Human Cart-1; Lymphohaematopoietic; Mononuclear cells; SCID-repopulating cells
Severe combined immunodeficient (SCID)-repopulating cells (termed SRC) with lymphohaematopoietic differentiation potential reside at an extremely low frequency in unmobilised adult human peripheral blood. Recently, an ex vivo method of increasing the relative numbers of at least four distinct human stem cell classes, that include CD34+ haematopoietic progenitor cells, in mononuclear cells (MNC) obtained from unmobilised adult human peripheral blood has been described. This process is triggered by a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the human monomorphic region of the beta chain of HLA-DP, DQ and DR (clone CR3/43). Herein, we assess the ability of human male donor-derived MNC, following ex vivo culturing for 3 hr in haematopoietic-conducive conditions (HCC) (3-hr MNC/HCC), to form SRC in female non-obese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mice. All 3-hr MNC/HCC-recipient animals exhibited significant levels (> 0.5%) of human cell engraftment in the bone marrow, thymus and spleen when compared to animals receiving MNC cultured in the absence of CR3/43. Phenotypic characterisation of the bone marrow cell populations of engrafted mice demonstrated significant levels of human lymphohaematopoietic cell lineages, comprised of T lymphocytes, monocytes, erythrocytes and megakaryocytes, including platelets. In addition, significant levels of clonogenic human CD34+ cells were also detected by in vitro surrogate assay. The thymi of engrafted animals contained maturating human thymocytes, while the spleen consisted mainly of T lymphocytes. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) further identified the presence of human male X and Y chromosomes at engrafted sites, whilst the human origin of the cells was confirmed by a specific PCR assay for the human Cart-1 gene. In conclusion, the conversion of MNC to SRC in response to treatment with CR3/43 for 3 hr could have far-reaching clinical implications especially where time and donor-histocompatibility are limiting factors.
Abuljadayel, I., Afghan, R., McCaffrey, T., Lundergan, C., Hawley, T., Hawley, R., & Dhoot, G. (2004). SCID repopulating cells derived from unmobilised adult human peripheral blood. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 20 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1185/030079903125002766