Title

Genome-wide analysis of BP1 transcriptional targets in breast cancer cell line Hs578T

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2009

Journal

International Journal of Biological Sciences

Volume

5

Issue

1

DOI

10.7150/ijbs.5.1

Keywords

BP1; Breast cancer; ChIP-on-chip; ER; Homeoprotein

Abstract

Homeobox genes are known to be critically important in tumor development and progression. The BP1 (Beta Protein 1) gene, an isoform of DLX4, belongs to the Distal-less (DLX) subfamily of homeobox genes and encodes a homeodomain-containing transcription factor. Our studies have shown that the BP1 gene was overexpressed in 81% of primary breast cancer and its expression was closely correlated with the progression of breast cancer. However, the exact role of BP1 in breast has yet to be elucidated. Therefore, it is important to explore the potential transcriptional targets of BP1 via whole genome-scale screening. In this study, we used the chromatin immunoprecipitation on chip (ChIP-on-chip) and gene expression microarray assays to identify candidate target genes and gene networks, which are directly regulated by BP1 in ER negative (ER-) breast cancer cells. After rigorous bioinformatic and statistical analysis for both ChIP-on-chip and expression microarray gene lists, 18 overlapping genes were noted and verified. Those potential target genes are involved in a variety of tumorigenic pathways, which sheds light on the functional mechanisms of BP1 in breast cancer development and progression. © Ivyspring International Publisher. All rights reserved.

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