Phase I trial with a combination of docetaxel and 153Sm-lexidronam in patients with castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations








153 Sm-lexidronam; Docetaxel; Metastatic prostate cancer; Phase I


Background: This study was designed to evaluate toxicity and preliminary efficacy of 2 cycles of concomitant standard dose/schedule of 153Sm-lexidronam plus Q 3 weeks schedule escalating doses of docetaxel in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Methods: mCRPC patients with progressive bone metastases were treated in 4 cohorts. Docetaxel doses were escalated from 50, 50, 0 mg/m 2 (on days 1, 22, 43, per 12-week cycle) to 75, 75, 75 mg/m 2. 153Sm-lexidronam was administered on days 2 (Q 12 weeks) at dose of 1 mCi/kg/cycle (maximum of 2 cycles). Results: Thirteen patients received an average of 3.6 doses of docetaxel (range, 2-6 doses, median 4) and 1.5 doses of 153Sm-lexidronam (range, 1-2, median 2). Toxicity was primarily hematologic. There were total 35 episodes grade 3/4 neutropenia with a median 7 (range 7-14) days to recovery to ≤grade 1. One dose limiting grade 3 thrombocytopenia occurred on cohorts 3 and 4. Eight of 13 (62%) patients had PSA > 50% decrease as best response during the treatment. Median time to bone disease progression was 5.2 months (range 91 days-10 months+); 6/13 (46%) patients had stable/improved bone scans at 6 months and 6/6 (100%) symptomatic patients had improvement in pain. Conclusions: Concurrent 6-month administration of 4 doses (75 mg/m 2) of standard Q 3 weeks schedule of docetaxel with 2 Q 3 months infusions of 1 mCi/Kg 153Sm-lexidronam is feasible with reversible bone marrow suppression, and deserves further testing in mCRPC patients with extensive bone metastasis. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.