Title

Left ventricular diastolic filling abnormalities identified by doppler echocardiography in asymptomatic patients with sickle cell anemia

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-1991

Journal

Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Volume

17

Issue

7

DOI

10.1016/0735-1097(91)90634-L

Abstract

To determine whether left ventricular diastolic abnormalities are an early feature of sickle cell anemia, indexes of diastolic filling were obtained with pulsed Doppler echocardiography in 30 consecutive patients with this disease (mean age 29 years; range 19 to 39) who had not experienced symptoms of heart failure and had normal left ventricular systolic function. Data were compared with those in 30 normal control subjects of similar ages. Seventeen (57%) of the 30 patients with sickle cell, anemia had evidence of abnormal left ventricular diastolic filling. Six of these 17 patients had a Doppler pattern consistent with "restrictive" filling, characterized by reduced early diastolic deceleration time (<110 ms) or an increased rate of decline of early flow velocity (EF slope >7.4 m/s2), or both, as well as decreased late diastolic velocity-time integral (2.6 ± 0.7 vs. 3.4 ± 0.8 cm in normal subjects: p < 0.05). Another 11 patients showed a Doppler waveform consistent with impaired relaxation, characterized by prolonged deceleration time (>166 ms) or reduced EF slope (<3.8 m/s2), as well as increased late diastolic velocity-time integral 14.0 ± 0.5 vs. 3.4 ± 0.8 cm in normal subjects; p = 0.03). This Doppler echorardiographic analysis demonstrates that left ventricular diastolic filling patterns are altered in patients with sickle cell anemia and that these diastolic abnormalities may be present in the absence of symptoms of heart failure. These abnormal patterns suggest an intrinsic myocardial abnormality in patients with sickle anemia and may prove to be early markers of cardiac disease. © 1991.

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