Vascular access: Past, present, and future
International Journal of Artificial Organs
Arteriovenous fistula; Arteriovenous graft; Central venous catheter; Hemodialysis; Vascular access
Vascular access is the Achilles' heel of hemodialysis. Current vascular access approaches for hemodialysis include arteriovenous (AV) fistula, AV graft, and central venous catheter. Strengths and weaknesses of each access type are described. New technology and procedures in introducing an access, monitoring access function, and salvaging a non-functioning access are also described. © Wichtig Editore, 2008.
Lew, S., & Ing, T. (2008). Vascular access: Past, present, and future. International Journal of Artificial Organs, 31 (5). http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/039139880803100502