Etiology, pathogenesis and classification of torsions of the greater omentum (Russian)
The authors have observed 14 patients with torsion of greater omentum and collected in Soviet literature an additional 92 cases. Analysing personal experience and collected data of literature, the authors came to the conclusion that this disease has multiple etiologic factors. One should distinguish between torsion of fixed and free omentum. The increased intestinal motility is the immediate creating force for the torsion. They have observed the connection between amount of torsioned part of the omentum and the reason which caused the disease. Based upon the etiopathogenesis of the disease, the authors suggest a new classification of the torsions of the greater omentum.
Nikolaev, N., & Kogan, M. (1975). Etiology, pathogenesis and classification of torsions of the greater omentum (Russian). Khirurgiya, 51 (12). Retrieved from https://hsrc.himmelfarb.gwu.edu/smhs_medicine_facpubs/4509