Title

Epidemiology of urinary disorders in men in the Russian Federation

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

4-1-2016

Journal

Urologiia (Moscow, Russia : 1999)

Issue

2

Keywords

lower urinary tract symptoms; metabolic syndrome; overactive bladder

Abstract

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of a survey of 1083 men were analyzed for the age, weight, height, comorbidities with their signs and symptoms, history of surgery on pelvic organs, copulative disorders, and IPSS and quality of life scores. The findings were compared with the results of a survey of 482 Russian men under the protocol of the International Society of Continence (ICS) aimed to identify patients with overactive bladder (OAB), in whom pollakiuria, nocturia, urgency, urinary incontinence, stress-incontinence, poor flow and terminal dribbling were registered.RESULTS: According to findings on IPSS scores voiding disorders were diagnosed in 649 (59.9%) of respondents, with mild, moderate and severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in 370 (34.2%), 216 (19.9 %) and 63 (5.8%) men, respectively; mean IPSS score was 5,0+/-7,0. Among men with LUTS 34.6% were not satisfied with their quality of life. The severity of LUTS was greater among older respondents (B = 0,441; p<0,001), having a high body mass index (B = 0,119; p<0.001), ischemic heart disease (B = 0,231; p<0,001), hypertension (B = 0,240; p<0,001), diabetes mellitus (B = 0,158; p<0,001), obesity (B = 0,151; p<0,001), history of surgery on pelvic organs (B = 0,259; p<0,001), suffering from erectile dysfunction (B = 0,126; p<0,001). 116 (24.1%) men surveyed under ICS protocol had LUTS consistent with OAB criteria. Symptoms of urine storage, emptying and post-micturition symptoms were found in 299 (62%), 164 (34%) and 106 (22%) patients, respectively and were more common in older men. 236 (48.9%) of respondents experienced discomfort or pain, in 72 (15%) - LUTS resulted in decreased sexual activity, but only 149 (30.9%) of men sought treatment.CONCLUSIONS: LUTS in Russia are common among men of any age. They reduce the quality of life, closely associated with erectile dysfunction, metabolic disorders and diseases. Men with urinary disorders need a comprehensive examination and treatment based on an interdisciplinary approach.AIM: To compare the results of population studies conducted in the Russian Federation to identify the prevalence, severity and risk factors for urinary disorders in men.

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