Title

Cardiovascular effects of music

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2016

Journal

Music Therapy in the Management of Medical Conditions

Keywords

Blood pressure; Cardiovascular; Heart; Heart rate; Music

Abstract

© 2016 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Music can have a profound effect on the heart through its effects on the autonomic nervous system, as well as indirect effects mediated through stress reduction, increased exercise ability, hormone modulation, and better sleep quality. In most studies, slow and soft music reduced heart rate and blood pressure, while fast paced music produced opposite effects. Music based interventions have been used in cardiovascular clinical situations. Larger and randomized studies are needed to better understand the effects of music and utilize this potential resource for improving patient outcomes.

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