Intestinal spirochetosis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: Ultrastructural studies of two cases
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; Intestinal spirochetosis; Spirochaetales infections; Ultrastructure
Two cases of intestinal spirochetosis (IS) with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome are reported. In case 1, a 48-year-old homosexual black man presented with a 1-month history of alternating watery diarrhea and constipation, which dissipated following the removal of two colonic hyperplastic polyps containing IS. In case 2, a 26-year-old homosexual black man presented with a 3-month history of persistent bloody diarrhea and was found to have chronic shigellosis and IS. Pathologic findings of IS were similar in both cases. Basophilic fringes typical of IS covered the surfacing colonic epithelium and consisted of dense growths of spirochetes adherent to and oriented perpendicular to the plasma membranes of the surfacing epithelium. The spirochetes measured 3 to 5 μm in length and 0.2 μm in width, contained four to eight axial fibrils, and closely resembled Brachyspira aalborgi ultrastructurally. These cases are notable because the histopathologic changes of IS were more extensive than generally described. There was involvement of both the right colon and rectum by IS in case 2, and in both cases there was extension of the IS down into the crypts of Lieberkuhn, spirochetal invasion of the colonic mucosa, and a conspicuous inflammatory response by macrophages in the underlying lamina propria.
Guccion, J., Benator, D., Zeller, J., Termanini, B., & Saini, N. (1995). Intestinal spirochetosis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: Ultrastructural studies of two cases. Ultrastructural Pathology, 19 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01913129509014599